About these catalogs


There has been a rapid increase in the availability of electronic resources at Princeton. Almost all are available to you through the Library Web Computers; some of these may be available from your home. Since the situation regarding which databases are available, as well as regarding the specific interface used changes almost weekly, no detailed guidelines are given here. Check always the instructions given on screen carefully; they are likely to be more up-to-date than any handout can be.

Although everyone has different needs and might ask different types of questions, one fact has to be kept in mind. Currently, the one Western database made with the East Asian scholar in mind, and consequently, with adequate coverage of East Asian subjects is the Bibliography of Asian Studies. Other Western databases vary widely in East Asian coverage. Do not assume that the other databases are comprehensive as regards East Asian needs.

Main Catalog

The electronic Main Catalog (also called Voyager), which will also tell you whether currently items are checked out, currently holds:

  1. Full bibliographic entries for all post-1980, and most pre-1980 Western works. Since these are authoritative bibliographic entries, you can use them for citations in bibliographies.
  2. Full bibliographic entries for Chinese, Japanese and Korean works cataloged since 1984. Again, since these are authoritative bibliographic entries, you can use them for citations in bibliographies. Characters for these works are to be found in the card catalog, usually under the title.
  3. Many short interim records for other CJK books, which have circulated previously. These entries may be incomplete, and might contain spelling errors etc.You should not use these records for citations in bibliographies. You can find the authoritative catalog records for these items in the card catalog (for CJK books).

Not in the Main Catalog are many pre-1984 multivolume CJK booksets and/or serials. You can find the authoritative catalog records for these items in the the CJK card catalog. They are currently being added to the Main Catalog when circulating.

Most records are now in pinyin, although for complete results a follow-up with searching in Wade-Giles is recommended. Spell proper names together in pinyin, add a hyphen in Wade-Giles, and spell all other syllables separately. Ex.: Zhongguo li shi di tu ji. Be flexible: decisions on what constitutes a name may have varied in time (Chang jiang or Changjiang). Also, former practice transliterated the particle "de" as di. In such ambiguous cases, it may be useful to use the "Guided Search" settings in the Main Catalog.

There is more information on general search strategies.

For full information on the catalogs, see our site on finding call numbers.


A most useful general database is the OCLC/WorldCat database, the combined electronic catalog of thousands of libraries. For East Asian Studies, this means that all American East Asian holdings are available on OCLC.

When using the Worldcat database, please note the following:

Libraries may differ in whether retrospective electronic conversion has taken place for CJK books.

There are hundreds of millions records in OCLC, which makes search strategies different from those doable on the local Main Catalog. In particular, avoid too general a search.

Electronic Databases

English Databases

Archives Unbound

Also known as the Declassified Documents Reference Service. Digital collections of historical material on many topics. Includes manuscripts, printed books and periodicals, and government documents. Material comes from the U.S. National Archives, the U.K. National Archives, and many other libraries and archives. Chinese (and a few Japanese) topics included are The Chinese Civil War and U.S.-China Relations: Records of the U.S. State Department's Office of Chinese Affairs, 1945-1955; Tiananmen Square and U.S.-China relations, 1989-1993; Records of the U.S. Information Service in China: Chinese Press Reviews and Summaries, 1944-1950; 19th Century English-Language Journals from the Far East; General George C. Marshall's Mission to China, 1945-1947; U.S. Military Advisory Effort in Vietnam: Military Assistance Advisory Group, Vietnam, 1950-1964; Political, Economic, and Military Conditions in China: Reports and Correspondence of the U.S. Military Intelligence Division, 1918-1941; and Political Relations and Conflict between Republican China and Imperial Japan, 1930-1939: Records of the U.S. State Department.

Asia-Studies Full-text Online

Database for the study of modern Asia-Pacific. As the exclusive licensee for the region's most prestigious research institutions, Asia-Studies.com brings together thousands of full-text reports covering 53 countries on a multitude of business, government, economic, and social issues.

Bibliography of Asian Studies

The on-line version of the Bibliography of Asian Studies


contains more than 700,000 records on all subjects (especially humanities and social sciences) pertaining to East, Southeast, and South Asia published worldwide from 1971 to the present. Through the 1991 printed version, the BAS included citations to western-language periodical articles, individually authored monographs, chapters in edited volumes, conference proceedings, anthologies, and Festschriften, etc. Since 1992, newly published individual monographs are no longer being added to the database, and users seeking monographs are urged to consult other general resources and databases.

The online BAS contains the full data of all printed editions of the BAS issued from 1971 up to the 1991 edition (published 1997), as well as thousands of entries compiled since. To quickly bridge the gap in coverage from 1991 to the present, the BAS staff have identified the most important 100+ periodicals in Asian Studies, and have given these high priority for indexing to make their coverage as up-to-date as possible. For any particular journal, full information on years of coverage should be provided through the Journal Title Browse function, although this part seems often out of sync with the rest of the database.

You can search by phrase in specified field, can combine searches, and can specify your desired display, with or without diacritics; a downloadable font is provided. You can limit your searches to specific countries. Subject searching is also provided, but subject ranges are broad and have changed over the years. If you need assistance, consult the Western bibliographer or send a question using this form.

Brill's Encyclopedia of China

A basic introductory encyclopedia to (largely, but not exclusively, modern) China, primarily for undergraduates. A paper version is also available. This work is the English adapted version of an original German-language encyclopedia, and most entries are written by well-known scholars (e.g., the Qing entry is written by Pierre-Etienne Will.)

Cambridge Histories Online

This database contains full-text searching of all Cambridge Histories, usually with up to a year delay after the print publication. You can search in all or specific titles, and download individual chapters as needed. The Cambridge history of China, The Cambridge history of Japan, and The Cambridge history of ancient China are included.

China, America and the Pacific

An extensive range of archival material connected to the trading and cultural relationships that emerged between China, America and the Pacific region between the 18th and early 20th centuries. Manuscript sources, rare printed texts, visual images, objects and maps document this fascinating history.

The resource includes a wide range of manuscript, printed and visual primary-source materials as well as other key features to support research and teaching. One can use the fully searchable interactive chronology to discover facts and world events, explore voyages to China using an interactive map, find out about different merchants and the companies they formed in the Merchant Biographies and view online exhibitions to find out about aspects of the collection. A helpful tour of the collection is available.

China: Culture and Society

China: Culture and Society is a full-text searchable database of the often colorful pamphlets held in the Wason Collection of Cornell University, written mostly in English and published between c. 1750 and 1929. Types of material in the collection include addresses and speeches, annual reports, catalogues, examinations, guides, lecture notes, letters, magazine articles, minutes, etc. Some possible themes to be explored are: the arts, the Chinese diaspora, education, the foreign presence in China, foreign relations and diplomacy, governance, international conflict, language and literature, leisure, missionaries, opium, rebellion and revolution, science and medicine, trade, and travel and exploration.

China: Trade, Politics and Culture

This database is based mainly, but not exclusively, upon the holdings of the Library of the School for Oriental and African Studies and the British Library. It consists of all kinds of English-language textual and visual sources relating to China and the West, with key documents relating to the Chinese Maritime Customs service, letters, diaries, color paintings, maps, drawings, photographs, and fully searchable missionary periodicals such as the Chinese Recorder. Important subjects treated include the Amherst and Macartney embassies, the Opium, Boxer, Russo-Japanese and Sino-Japanese wars, events such as the Taiping Rebellion, and the Rape of Nanking, and the missionary movements.

Chinese Newspapers Collection (1832-1953)

This database, part of the ProQuest Historical Newspapers collection, combines in one search a selection of English-language newspapers and periodicals produced in China. Major titles included are the North China Herald (1850-1941, also available as a separate database) and the Chinese repository (1832-1851), but included are also large runs of the Chinese recorder (1868-1941) and the China weekly review (1923-1950), as well as some short runs of a handful of periodicals of mainly the Republican period: the Canton Times (1919-1920), China Critic (1939-1946), China Monthly Review (1950-1953), China Press (1925-1938), Millard's China National Review (1919-1919), Millard's Review of the Far East (1919-1921), Peking Daily News (1914-1917), Peking Gazette (1915-1917), Peking Leader (1918-1919), Shanghai Gazette (1919-1921), Shanghai Times (1914-1921), and Weekly Review (1922-1923).  Ads, social notices etc. are all separately indexed and searchable.

Digital Dictionary of Buddhism

Charles Muller's Digital Dictionary of Buddhism includes in addition to Chinese, Japanese and Korean information, also Indian, Tibetan and other references. The link goes to the wider Resources for East Asian Language and Thought Web page; the restricted digital dictionary is available from that page.

Dissertation Abstracts (ProQuest Dissertations & Theses: Full Text)

Access to citations and abstracts for every title in the Dissertation Abstracts database, including those on East Asia. Dissertations written from 1997 forward are available full text; many earlier ones as well. The database includes citations to dissertations from 1861 to those accepted last semester. Citations for dissertations and master’s theses published from 1980 forward have abstracts.


Full-text database of many major national and regional newspapers, including selected full-text and abstracts of many industry and general interest publications, as well as web pages. Includes many publications from East Asia and Asia in general, both in English as in original languages. Specify searching material in Japanese, simplified and traditional Chinese scripts by choosing the appropriate language in "Publications-by language", add by clicking on thr triangle that code to your search, and then search directly in characters. make sure to first set the "Language setting" at the bottom of the page to "All languages" by clicking the X after English, if English is set as the default.

Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Daily Reports

Translation service of the U.S. Government, usually attributed to the Central Intelligence Agency. It covered political, military, economic, environmental and sociological news and commentary, as well as scientific and technical information between 1941 and 1996 (the earliest years of this range are still to be added at the moment of writing this note). Searchable by region or country. For later years (1995-2013) see World News Connection. There will be no later years made available.

Foreign Office Files for China, 1919-1980

The database "Foreign Office Files for China, 1919-1980" contains complete digitized images of all British Foreign Office files dealing with China, Hong Kong and Taiwan during published during the period 1919-1980. There are six subsections: 1919-1929: Kuomintang, CCP and the Third International; 1930-1937: The Long March, civil war in China and the Manchurian Crisis; 1938-1948: Open Door, Japanese war and the seeds of Communist victory; 1949-1956: The Communist revolution; 1957-1966: The Great Leap Forward; and 1967-1980: The Cultural Revolution.

Grand Ricci Online

Le Grand Ricci is to all purposes the most comprehensive bilingual dictionary of Chinese (into French) in the Western world. It covers three millennia of the Chinese language, from the Classics to the modern age, and is encyclopedic in its scope. The compilers were able to draw on the full range of French sinological expertise in completing the project, and has paid especially attention to specialized terms in a wide variety of fields (religion, medicine etc.) It contains  13,392 main entries (single characters) and 280,000 expressions (or Chinese words composed of a set of characters). Entries can be looked up by Chinese character, by romanization (pinyin), by radical and strokes, and by the total number of strokes.

Harvard Korean Studies Bibliography

This closed database contains references to almost 50,000 articles, over 17,000 books, 4,000 book sections, 7,000 theses, and 4,000 reviews from the late 16th century to 1997, the majority of which are in English; other languages written using the Latin alphabet are also included. The database was published on CD, and can currently only be used on networked computers in campus libraries; on other computers it may be necessary to install special software first. Should be supplemented with the Bibliography of Asian Studies and, for books, WorldCat.

Lexis-Nexis Academic

Comprehensive full text database of many major national and regional newspapers, as well as legal materials, company news and country profiles. Currently (2011) does not include East Asian Languages, but has English language material from the region. To select news of particular countries/regions, click first on "sources" in the "Search the News" area, click on the resulting screen on "more options", and then make your choices under "regions of coverage". To specify particular sources, click on "find sources".

Meiji Japan: The Edward Sylvester Morse Collection from the Phillips Library at the Peabody Essex Museum

This English-language multidisciplinary collection contains the diaries, sketches, travel journals, scrapbooks, publications and correspondence of the polymath and collector Edward Sylvester Morse, known for his work in natural history (zoology, evolution, astronomy, methodology), ethnography (material culture, music, games, printing, Ainu, religion) and art history (including archaeology, architecture) bridging Japan and America from the 1880s to the 1920s. It was previously called America, Asia and the Pacific; the current name more accurately reflects the content.

Edward Sylvester Morse (1838-1925) was one of the earliest and most important mediators between American and Asian societies, and one of the first Americans to live in Japan (he became Chair of Zoology at the new Imperial University of Tokyo). In addition to his scientific interests, in 1882 he turned his attention to ethnology and the documentation of life in Japan before it was transformed by Western modernization. An accomplished draughtsman, his pencil and ink drawings, enliven his diaries and correspondence and make his papers a pleasure to read. Morse’s collection of Japanese pottery is still a prized possession of the Boston Museum of Fine Arts and his ethnological specimens form the core of the oriental holdings at the Peabody, where he was Director from 1880 to 1916.

North China Herald

The English North China Herald is the prime English-language source for the history of the foreign presence in China from around 1850 to the 1940s. It was published in Shanghai. As the official journal for British consular notifications, and announcements of the Shanghai Municipal Council, it is the point of reference for a range of foreign and Chinese activities; translations of Chinese official notifications and news were regularly included. This database is fully text-searchable.

Oxford Bibliographies Online: Buddhism

Detailed annotated bibliographical guide to many aspects of Buddhism, by major scholars signing their individual articles. Links to find citations in other databases are provided. New articles are added regularly.

South China Morning Post (1903-1995)

Major English-language newspaper in Hong Kong from the very beginning of the 20th century. Issues after 1995 are available in the regular newspaper databases, such as ProQuest Central, Factiva, LexisNexis, and Wiser’s News. Alternative titles used over the years include South China Morning Post & the Hongkong Telegraph and for the Sunday editions,  South China Sunday Post-Herald, South China Sunday Morning Post, and Sunday Post-Herald.

World Newsreels Online

Streaming video of international newsreels produced between 1929 and 1966. All are accompanied by transcripts, with those in foreign languages translated into English. E.g., one of the subjects is the Second Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945.



Chinese Databases

Academia Sinica Hanji wenxian ziliaoku databases

Internet Explorer required.

The Academia Sinica Scripta Sinica database with titles digitized by the Institute of History and Philology of the Academia Sinica, Taipei, has greatly improved its interface. Read the help screens for more information on its new features. Since the database is now UTF-8, there is no longer a need for downloading any additional font. For a listing of titles included, click on 書目瀏覽, and then search by title with nothing in the search box.

Apabi Digital Library

Apabi Digital Library is a collection Chinese eBooks. Records for individual books are in the main catalog, but you may also browse Princeton's collection at the site http:// library.princeton.edu/resource/4709 and choose "dianji tushu". Books are viewed in a special reader application with many useful features for browsing, organizing, and marking up text. The reader may be installed from http://www.idoican.com.cn/reader/unicodeReadersetup.exe (It is preinstalled on the public computers in the East Asian Library.) Please see our user guide for detailed instructions .

CADAL trial

CADAL (China Academic Digital Associative Library) is a government-sponsored cooperative project of some 60+ Chinese academic libraries (2014) to create electronic resources for the use of their patrons.  The venture is led by and housed in Zhejiang University, and most major Chinese academic institutions such as Peking, Qinghua, Fudan and Nanjing universities were participants from the beginning. CADAL originally grew out of a China-American Digital Academic Library venture, but only recently a select group of American (and Indian) libraries have received access.

The major resource created by CADAL is a collection of scanned books (1.7 million in May 2013, 2.5 million in June 2014 ), both in and out of copyright: 224 thousand ancient texts (including the Xuxiu siku quanshu 续修四库全书), 150 thousand republican works, 150 thousand republican periodical issues, 40 thousand newspaper issues, 800 thousand post-1949 books, 320 thousand works in English, 13 thousand special collection works, 4 thousand videos, 55 thousand audiobooks. The collection is constantly increasing. The titles are not full-text searchable; but tables of contents are provided for easy navigation.

(In addition to the ebooks database, the navigation bar also gives access to some other resources: calligraphic works (shufa 书法), a literary timeline (Zhongguo wenxue biannian shi 中国文学编年史), Chinese medicine (zhongyiyao 中医药), and Audio (yinpinku音频库). Note that the video choice, available only in English, brings one to the main ebooks database.)

Access to the books is dependent on the copyright status of the book: while some free access is available, especially to the ancient texts, access to in-copyright books is restricted to registered users at participant libraries: one borrows parts of books, which need to be returned in order to have them become available to other users. Hence, one first has to register (zhuce 注册), and in subsequent visits to log-in (denglu 登陆) from the database’s sign-in page at  http://www.cadal.zju.edu.cn/account/signin/ (note: this is not the home page as such, and is not easily available from the home page.) Choose “Princeton University” as your affiliation (suozai danwei 所在单位; close to the bottom of the pop-up menu—it may say Princetion). On subsequent visits log-in from this page.

Activities one performs when logged-in, including borrowing books, note-taking etc., are visible to all users from search pages etc.: hence, make sure to log-out especially on shared public computers. One is not logged out automatically, even not after days. To log-out, go to one’s personal account page (registeredname’s CADAL in the English, registerednameCADAL in the Chinese interface), and click on tuichu 推出.This account page is available in the top navigation bar, and is also the page from where one returns  books, see one’s borrowing history, etc.  (One can choose to set the interface to English, but only a limited number of top-level screens have been translated.)

Once logged in, and directed to one’s account page, one can perform a simple search in the search box. On the resulting page, one can somewhat refine one’s search by limiting the result to title or author, and by selecting some rough facets of categories (such as ancient books or republican-period books—note that all categories are listed, even if not applicable), tags (biaoqian  标签 ) or publisher.
Under a cover image of each result, one can choose to see more details on the book, or decide to read it by clicking on the book. If choosing to read it, one is brought to a reader interface where one can display the table of contents, navigate forward and backward within a book, and change the display from one page to two pages at a time and vice versa. Printing (by right-clicking, one page at a time) does not work very well—it may be better to take screen shots.

Depending on the copyright status of the book, one will receive a request after viewing a couple of pages to check out the remainder of the chapter (jieyue 借阅). One receives a message that borrowing was successful (if the item was not borrowed by someone else), and can continue to read.

To return the chapter to the CADAL library, navigate to the borrowing page (jieyue in the top navigation bar), where one can see the status of one’s checking in-and-out. Click, if not yet selected, on the weihuan  未还button, and then return chapters by clicking on guihuan 归还 after each chapter one has checked out. And remember to log-out (also possible from this page.)

One can look at one’s notes, tags, comments, messages etc.  from the navigation bar, and there may be recommendations listed based upon one’s readings.

CHANT databases

The CHANT (CHinese ANcient Texts) databases, compiled under the Institute of Chinese Studies (ICS) of the Chinese University of Hong Kong since 1988, give full-text access (single words, phrases and sentence patterns) to all traditional texts from the Pre-Han (pre 220AD) period up to the Six Dynasties (581 AD) (over 30 million characters.) These texts are divided into two databases: Pre-Han & Han (Xian Qin Liang Han), and Six Dynasties (Wei Jin Nanbeichao). During compilation, different versions of the same texts were carefully compared, and modern punctuation was added. Comparisons with other versions, parallel passages, as well as citations found in Leishu are shown in footnotes. CHANT also includes databases of excavated wood/bamboo and silk scripts (the Zhu-jian-bo shu database), oracular inscriptions (the Jiaguwen database, and bronze inscriptions (Jinwen). includes now a database of extant Chinese encyclopedias (Leishu), which includes the titles listed here.

To enter, click first on "dengru wenku", and then on "jigou yonghu dengru" ("For IP user only"; no password is necessary as a Princeton user). Initial navigation until entering each database itself is slow, searching the databases themselves is faster. Then choose your database, and navigate using the buttons and menus provided; each database works differently. Note that not all books are categorized properly (a Six Dynasties work might be found in the Han database, and vice versa), and that one has to search within subcategories the content of which is not always self-explanatory. One cannot usually search all works within a database at one go.

To use the databases fully, download and install the specialized fonts available from the download page after logging in.

China Academic Journals/ China National Knowledge Infractructure

Princeton's access to the Literature/ History/ Philosophy, Economics/ Politics/ Law, Education/ Social Sciences, and the Electronic and Information Series components of the CNKI includes access to the full-text China Academic Journals database (includes full text and/or full image articles from 2,000+ journals from first issue to date), as well as access to title indexes in the fields of sciences, conferences, or dissertations. A limited number of dissertations and master theses is also available from a select number of universities in history and literature.

No usernames or passwords are necessary: users directly connected to Princeton servers are logged in automatically at http://library.princeton.edu/resource/3665 for the English interface; after logging in, you can switch to a Simplified Chinese interface if you prefer. Use the PDF format for downloading articles.

Note that Princeton does not subscribe to the "China Core Newspapers", another option given; use WisersNews instead.

Chinamaxx Digital Library

Internet Explorer required.

The Chinamaxx Digital Library contains hundreds of thousands of Chinese eBooks in various disciplines, with a special emphasis on the Humanities and Social Sciences. Records for individual eBooks are in the Main Catalog, but the collection may also be browsed here: http://ezproxy.princeton.edu/login?url=http://www.chinamaxx.net/.

China Business Reference (ChinaBRef)

This database contains hundreds of thousands of Chinese laws and legal commentaries, in both Chinese and English. It can be searched by keyword or browsed by category.

China Data Online

China Data Online offers comprehensive statistical and economic information of China . Included are yearly and monthly macro- and micro-economic databases, city, county and industry-based statistics, as well as the contents of many statistical yearbooks.

If you do not see the “Welcome: Princeton University” message on the top banner, click on the “Direct Access to Institutional Users” line. For best results, set the encoding of your browser to Simplified Chinese (GB): this will display bullets and other symbols better, although the text is always in English.

China Legal Access (CLASS)

This database contains hundreds of thousands of Chinese laws and legal commentaries, in both Chinese and English. It can be searched by keyword or browsed by category.

China Vitae

China Vitae is a foundation-supported activity whose objective is to provide current information on China 's leaders to scholars, analysts, and the general public. It consists of an English language database containing detailed biographies of thousands of Chinese leaders. Free of commercials, pop ups, and banners, the database is highly searchable, using state-of-the-art tools to find officials by name, institution, or location. A special comparison engine allows users to identify similarities in the backgrounds of officials. Another search tool tracks daily appearances of the most important officials. 

Chinese Civilization in Time and Space

A Web-based GIS system with historical maps, integrated with full-text databases from the Academia Sinica. Includes place name search. Can be used without registration, but personal registration (free to Princeton users) is recommended for saving and printing. The basic historical maps come from Tan Qixiang's Zhongguo lishi dituji, and the Shenbao atlas from the 1920s. There are search functions for current and historical place names, gazetteers etc. Some specialized thematic information is available, such as maps of Han archaeological tombs. Enter the GIS system by clicking on "Framework" from the Home page, and then by clicking on "Enter CCTS System." Before first use, one needs to download two special plug-ins available there. The Web-based GIS system follows standard ArcView procedures.

There is also a Taiwan History and Culture in Time and Space available.

Chinese Doctor and Master Dissertations

Selected dissertations and theses from the PRC; literature, history and philosophy only.

Chinese Electronic Theses and Dissertations Service

Selected dissertations and theses from various universities in Taiwan, as well as Hong Kong university are available in this database. Starting date varies; HKU starts in 1990, others in the 2000s. Includes many more dissertations than available for free on the NCL website. The database has moved into the general Taiwanese AiritiLibrary, and searches include also Taiwanese peiodical literature. To limit to theses and dissertations, click the checkbox before "CETD".

Chinese Reference (Apabi/CNKI)

Selected items from two large Chinese reference databases: the Apabi Reference DB collection at http://library.princeton.edu/resource/4709 (choose "gongju tushu") and the CNKI Chinese Reference Works Online athttp://library.princeton.edu/resource/4710 Currently we have acquired 169 titles (371 vols.) in the Apabi, and 99 titles (122 vols.) in the CNKI collection.

There are limitations on the number of concurrent users in the Apabi database; you may not be able to enter the database when too many people try this database at the same time. Please make sure to logout when you are done.

In the Apabi interface, make sure you select the option (which shows up automatically in the search box that you want to "search within the entries (zai gongjushu citiao zhong 在工具书词条中检索) to get results.

Included in these reference works are dictionaries, encyclopedias, bibliographies, biographical dictionaries, indexes, even compilations, etc. The two databases differ in their detailed search options, but in both cases you can check all their reference books at one go. For the Apabi books, click on “tushu” and choose “quanwen” for searching full text. Note that you should avoid the browser’s back button. We will arrange introductory sessions at the beginning of the academic year.

We have found and reported individual problems, such as in the 汉语大词典 a lack of easy access to the pinyin pronunciations. Please report any problems you find, or other suggestions for improvement to us (mheijdra@princeton.edu, tventimi@princeton.edu) for forwarding to the publisher.

In the Apabi set are included such titles as 汉语大词典, 辞海, 中国大百科全书,著者别号书录考, 佛教大辞典, 京剧剧目概览, 难僻字字典, 道藏书目提要, 外国文学研究论文资料索引(1978-1985), 唐代长安词典, 宋元明清百部小说语词大辞典, 历代避讳字汇典, 中国古代科技史论文索引, 中国丛书目录及子目索引汇编, 中国宝卷总目, 中国历代思想家传记汇诠, 中国年谱辞典, 太平天国大辞典, 明人室名别称字号索引, 现代汉语大词典. For a complete listing, see the Apabi Reference List.

In the CNKI set are included such titles as 本草名著集成, 传统语言学辞典, 古代名人字号辞典, 汉语方言大词典, 简明古籍整理辞典, 钦定理藩部则例, 历代名人室名别号辞典, 新汉英中医学词典, 中国电影电视艺术家辞典, 中国官制大辞典, 中国古代建筑辞典, 中国历代科技人物录, 中国历史地名大辞典, 中国现代文学词典, 中医妇科名著集成, 中医文献学辞典. For a complete listing, see the CNKI Reference List.

There is a newspaper section in the Apabi interface, with currently only the online version of the Zhongguo wenwubao (2007+; issues to 2004 are available on selected computers in the catalog room, while 2005-2006 are not yet available in electronic format.) A guide is available.

Chugoku kankei ronsetsu shiryo sakuin

See entry under Japanese Databases

Dacheng lao jiu kan quan wen shu ju ku

A text-searchable database of ca. 7,000 Chinese periodicals published from late Qing to 1949 in all fields of knowledge:  the humanities, social sciences, exact sciences, as well as popular journals. Examples include the Shidianzhai huabao, Xiandai, Shaonian Zhongguo, Dazhong shenghuo, Guocui xuebao, Qingnian Zhongguo, Minfeng. Listings per subject area are provided. Contents are regularly updated. One can search bykeyword in title in simplified or traditional Chinese, which retrieves article titles; clicking on such a hit retrieves the page with the term, which however is not highlighted.  One can browse by category of publication (use the pop-up menu called +fenlei tixi). Clicking on a periodical title gives the issues available of that title; clicking on the issue gives a table of content. PDFs can be downloaded. Advanced searching (by article or periodical title) is available. This database complements the Quanguo baokan suoyin image database.


Basically, Duxiu looks like an enormous combined Google Scholar and Google Books for Chinese material. But Duxiu has its own characteristics; there is no real English equivalent. Duxiu is a huge content-based database composed of 600,000,000 full text pages, with very flexible searches (full-text, books, articles, theses, web pages, newspapers). Please see our user guide for details.

Searching using the full text filter, you can read (and print) most articles. Sometimes there is a limit of what you can access at one time, but you can follow up with searches for the words at the end of those pages, etc.

Searching using the book title filter, you can read a limited number of pages directly on-line, but in many cases you can then email to yourself 50 pages or 1/5th of the book (whichever is less) at a time.

Some of the books can be purchased by the library for perpetual access; if you think we should purchase a recent book as an e-bookplease notify us. These will be available from the general catalog, as well as directly from Chinamaxx.

Grand Council Archives (清代宮中檔奏摺及軍機處檔摺件)

This database contains full text images of Qing Palace Memorials and Archives of the Grand Council held in the National Palace Museum, Taibei. The database may be searched by responsible official, title, matter and document number. The Qing Palace Memorials are the zouzhe memorials directly sent from a local official to the  emperor, and which were kept, after the emperor made his decisions, at court; a copy was made for the Grand Council Archives. Dates of the decisions, plus original accompanying material, was kept with the copy for the latter office, not with the former originals.

The database also functions as a Qing biographical database, based upon 10-plus biographical compilations, for those individuals having submitted memorials.

A special application must be installed to view the images; it is the same one as for the Grand Secretariat Archives. This can be downloaded from the service's home page. We have two logins to the service.  One login may only be used within the EAL, and allows printing.  The other login may be used anywhere on campus (or via the VPN) but does not allow printing.  There are limits in our subscription to the number of views and printed pages we are allowed; contact us when you find those limits are reached. The current logins are listed below:

Printing login (for use on cluster computers in the EAL only)

群組: PU14
帳號: PRINCE01
密碼: GC01

Non-printing login (anywhere on campus)

群組: PU14
帳號: PRINCE02
密碼: GC02

Grand Secretariat Archives (内閣大庫檔案)

This database contains full text images of hundreds of thousands of government documents from the Ming and Qing dynasties. The database may be searched by responsible official, title, matter and document number.  It is produced by the Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica, Taiwan.

A special application must be installed to view the images. It is the same one as for the Grand Council Archives. This can be downloaded from the service's home page. We have two logins to the service.  One login may only be used within the EAL, and allows printing.  The other login may be used anywhere on campus (or via the VPN) but does not allow printing.  There are limits in our subscription to the number of views and printed pages we are allowed; contact us when you find those limits are reached. The current logins are listed below:

Printing login (for use on cluster computers in the EAL only)

群組: lib
帳號: pul001
密碼: pul200812

Non-printing login (anywhere on campus)

群組: lib
帳號: pul002
密碼: pul1209

Gu jin tu shu ji cheng

The Gu jin tu shu ji cheng, compiled by Chen Menglei et al. and published with movable copper type in 1726-28, is by far the largest leishu to have been printed (6,109 subsections, 852,408 pages.) Under each subsection excerpts from sources are gathered from the beginnings of writing to the 17th century, from a 18th-century standpoint.

You can search the full text, but resulting pages are also viewable as images. To log in, click on the "Go" button underneath IP會員登入.

Guangming ribao

Browsable and searchable version of the influential Chinese newspaper targeting intellectuals, founded in 1949 and run by the CPC Central Committee.

Guo xue bao dian

The Guoxue baodian database is a tool for searching the full text of thousands of classical Chinese texts, including some novels, poetry, and plays. The home page contains a table of contents. There is the capability to search and display in Traditional characters, fantizi as well as Simplified characters, jiantizi. Issues found during a previous trial have been largely addressed. It is best used as an exploratory tool for finding relevant material; follow up with other sources (often printed) afterwards: the database is not meant to navigate through large parts of texts.

History of Contemporary Chinese Political Movements

Primary sources only, three contemporary Chinese political movements; first the Chinese Cultural Revolution, second the Chinese Anti-Rightists Campaign, third the Great Leap Forward and the Great Famine. There is a fully functional search-engine in both Chinese and English, with data retrievable by author, subject, title, date, keywords, and (new!) locality (the documents themselves are in Chinese, naturally.) New features further include keyword highlight and toggle between Chinese and English.

The Cultural Revolution database includes primary sources mostly written during the Cultural Revolution; memoirs and interviews are not included. Sections included are CCP documents, directives, and bulletins; speeches, directives, and writings concerning the Cultural Revolution by Mao Zedong, Lin Biao, and other CCP leaders; important newspaper and magazine editorials and articles; important documents of the Red Guards and the Mass Movement; and material regarding “heterodox thoughts.” Materials are indexed in both English and Chinese, but the text is in Chinese. There is a introduction by Yu Yingshi.

The Anti-Rightist database includes more than 10,000 documents (directives, bulletins, speeches, editorials, published views and their denunciations, original archives) including the so-called “rightist” articles themselves. Included are also materials related to contemporaneous campaigns, including the prior Campaign against the Hu Feng Counterrevolutionary Clique, Campaign for Eliminating Counterrevolutionaries, and Socialist Transformation of Industry and Commerce, and the subsequent Debate over Red and Expert, Double-Anti Campaign, Movement for Opening One’s Heart to the Party, and Campaign to Pull Out White Flags and Plant Red Flags.

The Great Leap and the Great Famine database includes more than 7,000 documents (directives, bulletins, internal reports, officials’ speeches, and major media commentaries with detailed citations.) Of the material 50% is from internal archives at various levels, including 3,000 highly classified records and investigative reports filed during the Great Famine. Included are documents on the context of these topics, as on such policies and campaigns as the state monopoly on grain purchase and marketing, the Collectivization of Agriculture, the Campaign to Eliminate Counterrevolutionaries, the Great Debate on “Red and Expert,” the “Dual-Antis” Campaign, the Campaign to “Open One’s Heart to the Party,” and the Campaign to “Pull Out White Flags and Erect Red Flags”.

Hong Kong Periodical Database

For Hong Kong you can use the

Xianggang Zhong wen qi kan lun wen suo yin

Huan qiu shi bao

Also known as Global Times. Daily Chinese tabloid under the auspices of the People's Daily newspaper, focusing on international issues. Use IE; other browsers have issues. Click on "Please click here to enter."

For searches with names, please add "%" before or after the character, for example "王%" to search for authors with "王" as surname and "%永" for authors with "永" in the name.

Pages in original layout are only available from 2001.  Please be patient: files take a long time to download without any indication that downloading is in progress.

Jie fang jun bao

Full-text version of the Jie fang jun bao (PLA Daily) from 1956 to current. No images are available.

Kao gu

Kao gu is a monthly, peer-reviewed journal of Chinese archaeology. Many of the articles have English abstracts. We hold an electronic archive of this journal from 1997-2003, including diagrams and photographs. It may be viewed from the main computer cluster in the EAL.

Lawinfochina/Chinalawinfo/Chinese Case Studies

There are two sister legal retrieval systems for the PRC, Lawinfochina and Chinalawinfo; the former contains English, the latter Chinese material. Included are all laws adopted by the National People’s Congress and its Standing Committee from 1949; all administrative regulations promulgated by the State Council from 1949; many other rules or orders issued by other agencies; important judicial interpretations and other regulations impacting foreign-related activities; judicial cases from the Gazette of the Supreme People’s Court (also in English); Sino-foreign tax treaties; and other legal news and matter. The link provided is for the English version. Once in the English site, click any of the Chinese links to access the Chinese site (and vice versa). Access is only for one concurrent user.

In addition, Princeton users have access to the Chinese case studies contained as a separate database within Chinalawinfo.

Long yuan qi kan wang (Dragonsource)

Searchable database of current non-academic Chinese periodicals in literature, general culture, news and politics, popular science, economics and law, education, health and lifestyle, history and finance management. Princeton subscribes to a subsection of appr. 50 titles, including Caijing, Dazhong sheying, Shenghuojia and ChinAfrica. Details can be found in this list.

Mingbao Yuekan

The Mingbao Yuekan (Ming Pao Monthly) is a Hong Kong-based periodical covering Chinese culture, society, and current events. We hold an electronic archive of the magazine from 1966-2000. It may be viewed from the main computer cluster in the EAL.

Multimedia Dictionary of Chinese Characters

This is a Chinese Character dictionary that offers several different lookup methods (pinyin, radical, stroke count) and also contains some introductory tutorials on the history and structure of Chinese characters.It may be viewed from the main computer cluster in the EAL.

National Palace Museum Online image database

This database displays photo images and related description articles of art pieces (painting, calligraphy, ceramics, jade, bronze, Buddhist antiques, rarities) in the (Taiwan) NPM collections. Images can be viewed in Traditional and Simplified Chinese, Japanese and English. Explanations were written by NMP staff and faculty at the Taipei Art University. Three sizes of images are provided; largest size is 1024x768 pixels. A zoom view for details is available for some images; an art chronology is available for browsing.

National Palace Museum Text

This WWW database available from any Princeton computer provides access to images and texs of all issues of the following periodicals published since 1966 by the National Palace Museum in Taibei, Taiwan: the Gu gong wen wu yue kan (National Palace Museum Monthly of Chinese Art), the Gu gong ji kan (National Palace Museum Quarterly), and the Gu gong xue shu ji kan (National Palace Museum Research Quarterly).

National Social Sciences Database (China)

Since 2012 hundreds of high-level Chinese social science and humanities journals, including those published by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, had been pulled out of commercial databases, making more recent issues temporarily unavailable. They are now freely available in the National Social Sciences Database (Guojia zhexue shehui kexue xueshu qikan shujuku) at http://www.nssd.org/. Titles include 城市问题 (Urban Problems), 财经研究 (The Study of Finance and Economics), 当代韩国 (Contemporary Korea), 东南亚研究 (Southeast Asian Studies), 敦煌学辑刊 (Journal of Dunhuang Studies), 当代亚太 (Contemporary Asia-Pacific Studies), 敦煌研究 (Dunhuang Research), 复旦学报:社会科学版  (Fudan Journal, Social Sciences Edition), 方言 ( Dialect), 金融研究 (Journal of Financial Research), 考古 (Archaeology), 历史研究 (Historical Research), 满语研究 (Manchu Studies), 明清小说研究 (The Research on Ming and Qing Dynasties Novels), 美国研究 (American Studies Quarterly), 民族语文 (Minority Languages of China), 南开管理评论 (Nankai Business Review), 清史研究 (Studies in Qing History), 求实 (Truth Seeking), 日本问题研究 (Japan Problem Studies), 人口研究 (Population Research), 世界宗教研究 (Studies in World Religions), 探索 (Probe), 文史哲 (Journal of Literature,History and Philosophy), 文物 (Cultural Relics), 中国经济史研究 (Researches in Chinese Economic History), 中国语文 (Chinese) and 政治学研究 (CASS Journal of Political Science).

Individual titles have also been registered in the catalog; thus, when searching for Kao gu in the catalog, and clicking on "View Princeton's online holdings," there is an additional link to the holdings in the NSSD.

Periopath/ Taiwan qikan lunwen suoyin xitong

This database indexes more than 2 million articles in Chinese (and English) published in more than 4000 Taiwanese periodicals from 1970 to current; it is updated each quarter. It was previously called the Zhonghua minguo qikan lunwen suoyin. The index is maintained at the National Central Library in Taibei. Some items without copyright are freely available. You can request those which are not through InterLibrary Loan in the usual way. Each citation has a link which allows you to see whether it is listed in an electronic database (電子期刊聯合目錄 ); if the result says CEPS, it is available in the Taiwanese Electronic Periodical System, TEPS.

Qing Historical Figures (大清國史人物列傳及史館檔傳包傳稿資料庫)

This database contains material used by the Guoshiguan to prepare biographies planned to be included in the Qingshi to be compiled later, held at the National Palace Museum in Taibei, Taiwan. They include the so-called biographical packages (zhuanbao), biographical drafts (zhuangao), and the biographies presented to the court, the Jinchengben Da Qing guo shi ren wu lie zhuan.

The biographical packages contain a wide variety of notes, texts, obituaries, memorials, chronologies, memorials, nianpu, even collected writings and other material; 3,536 such packages are included, and they are for the first time made available. The 8,384 drafts included are drafts in various stages of compilation, of which only the very the last stage are those made for the Qingshigao. The 2,726 volumes of biographies presented at court to the emperor are official bound biographies of officials of specific ranks. A few (32) are in Manchu.

A special application must be installed to view the images. It is the same one as for the Grand Council Archives. This can be downloaded from the service's home page. We have two logins to the service.  One login may only be used within the EAL, and allows printing.  The other login may be used anywhere on campus (or via the VPN) but does not allow printing. There are limits in our subscription to the number of views and printed pages we are allowed; contact us when you find those limits are reached. The current logins are listed below:

Printing login (for use on cluster computers in the EAL only)

群組: PU14
帳號: PRINCE03
密碼: DQ01

Non-printing login (anywhere on campus)

群組: PU14
帳號: PRINCE04
密碼: DQ02


Quanguo baokan suoyin

The Quan guo bao kan suo yin 全国报刊索引 (National Index to Chinese Newspapers & Periodicals) databases compiled by the Shanghai Library are a group of databases giving access to articles published in Chinese periodicals from 1833 to current. Some are categorized index-only (in Chinese, pian ming shu ju ku 篇名数据库), some have the full-images of the indexed articles; the content itself is not text searchable (confusingly, and wrongly, this database is called in Chinese quan wen shu ju ku, 全文数据库). The image databases are restricted to the late Qing and Republican periods; post 1949 the database includes indexes only, and in most cases it would be better to serach the China Academic Journals database instead.

The two kinds of databases are integrated on one and the same platform, http://library.princeton.edu/resource/4897. Downloadable articles show a pdf icon.

For most flexible search, click on the "search center" icon (进入检索中心.) You can then specify which database(s) to search, etc.

The full-image databases include the Late Qing and part of the Republican Periodical databases (Wan Qing qi kan quan wen shu ju ku 晚清期刊全文数据库,1833-1911, and  Minguo shi qi qi kan quan wen shu ju ku民国时期期刊全文数据库, 1911-1949).The Late Qing databases includes more than 300 journals (270,000 articles, approximately all those published). The Republican full-image database will continue to expand in the next few years. A guide on how to best use the integrated platform is included here; you can ignore the section on “log-on”, which on the Princeton campus is IP-based and automatic.

The index databases for the Late Qing and Republican databases are larger than the full-image databases. This database is to be complimented by the Dacheng laojiukan database.

The index databases pian ming shu ju ku 篇名数据库 include more than 30 million citations.

For access to articles not available in full-image, you will have to check the library’s own holdings first, and then place an  ILL article request; writing “QGBK” as a comment to the ILL staff in the box where you state where found the citation. Using the Document Delivery function within the Quan guo bao kan suo yin index database (i.e., putting articles in the cart) makes it easier for the ILL staff to acquire that article if not available elsewhere, and is recommended; however, using that function does not absolve a user from placing the request in ILL. You cannot request downloadable articles.

Quan Song shi fenxi xitong

Fully searchable database of Song poetry as published by the Beijing Daxue chubanshe in 72 vols., including the poetry by some 9,000 individuals. Small biographies are included. Searching is possible by order of published text, by full text, but also by rhymes and tones, rhyme and tone schemes, keyword position and genre. The “self-defined poem” search automatically analyzes the rhyme and genre of any given verse, and also allows you to search poems that contain similar content or use similar form. Statistical analysis is also possible. Princeton has only 1 concurrent user.

Quan Tang shi fenxi xitong

Fully searchable database of Tang poetry made at Peking University, including the poetry by some 3,700 individuals. Small biographies are included. Searching is possible by order of published text, by full text, but also by rhymes and tones, rhyme and tone schemes, keyword position and genre. The “self-defined poem” search automatically analyzes the rhyme and genre of any given verse, and also allows you to search poems that contain similar content or use similar form. Statistical analysis is also possible. Princeton has only 1 concurrent user.

Renda Funü yanjiu

This is a compilation of articles in women's studies published between 1995 and 2001. It may be viewed from the main computer cluster in the EAL.

Ren min Ri bao (China Daily)

All issues from 1946 of the Chinese national newspaper Ren min Ri bao (The China Daily) until the past year are available on-line to Princeton users. For later issues please go directly to the current Renmin Ribao site.

The database contains the full text-online; in addition it has the original pages in PDF format.

Shen bao

Internet Explorer required.

The Shen Bao (also spelled Shunpao) database is full-text searchable and contains PDF page images of this newspaper published from 1872 to 1949.  This database, containing more than 2 million articles, works best on Internet Explorer.

Sibu congkan

This electronic database is available on all public computers at the East Asian Library. Fully searchable collection of 504 original and historical works (3134 volumes) published by the Commercial Press in 1919-1936. Original collection used photolithography, which resulted in better editions than the then available typeset editions. Authoritative editions.

Siku quanshu

This electronic database, published by the Chinese University of Hong Kong and Digital Heritage Publishing Ltd., contains on at least 183 CD-ROMs the complete contents, in full text and image, of the 3460+ titles of the Wenyuange edition of the Si ku quan shu (1782) plus a few other useful tools. The total content is a staggering 800 million characters, and is arranged under almost 2 million piece titles. Some of the titles contained in the Si ku quan shu are themselves large compilations, such as the Quan Tang shi, Zi zhi tong jian, Xu Zi zhi tong jian chang bian, Wen xuan, Pei wen yun fu, Tai ping yu lan, the 25 Histories. One should realize, however, that the Siku quanshu editions are not always the best ones available, nor are they always complete: as is well known, its compilation involved censorship. The Electronic Si ku quan shu ("e-SKQS") is useful not only for searching, but also for studying: it has linked dictionaries, and the possibility of saving notebooks. Princeton University's license is valid for 3 simultaneous users, and the electronic Siku Quanshu is available from all public computers located in the East Asian Library. The functionality of the database is well thought-out, but its interface is not very intuitive: in addition to consulting a guide, users are advised to ask for explanatory session with the Chinese Bibliographer.

Taiwan Electronic Periodicals Service

The TEPS (Taiwan Electronic Periodicals Service) database offers an archive of several hundred Taiwanese periodicals in various subjects, including natural and applied sciences, medicine, the humanities, and social sciences. Full texs can be downloaded in PDF format. One can browse by title. Make sure to use the search button provided; the enter button will not give results.

Taiwan Shinminpō

Available on the traditional Chinese computer in the Catalog Room are the Chinese-language editorials from 1932-1935 of this Japanese-language newspaper. Some Japanese-language appendices (評壇) and (月曜評壇), and the serial 中國經濟與帝國主義的攻勢 are also available.


A searchable database of the full-text newspaper Lianhebao (1951-).

Wan fang Fa lü fa gui

Wanfang’s Policies and Laws of China database. Searches some 500,000 entries. Special facets include currently valid versus discontinued distinctions, and refinement search boxes include issuing agency. Compare with LawInfoChina/ChinaLawInfo. As with all Wanfang databases, once on the Wanfang home page, you can move from database to database via tabs. The “xue shu lun wen” tab combines several databases into one mega-search, and you can also combine searches across databases using the advanced search option.

Wan fang Xin fang zhi

Wanfang’s New Local Gazetteers database. This database searches full-text versions of new (i.e., post-1949) local gazetteers, which are also browsable by region or topic. Pages are readable and downloadable in pdf form in some 6 million small parts by navigating through the Table of Contents (mulu), by clicking on “chakan yuanwen” (read original excerpt) or “xiazai yuanwen” (download original excerpt). You can also read through the complete gazetteers on line, by clicking on “zhengben yuedu”  (reading full volume). More advanced searching (Boolean searching, fuzzy searching) is available, and you can narrow down results by using facets or adding refinements to your search (and clicking “search within results.”) As with all Wanfang databases, once on the Wanfang home page, you can move from database to database via tabs.  The tab for the New Local Gazetteers, is somewhat hidden though; it is listed only on the very upper menu, under the “More…” (geng duo) category.

Wan fang Xue shu hui yi

Wanfang’s Academic conference papers database. Searches more than 2 million conference papers. Also browsable by topic and then year. Although an extra function “full text only” is available, differences between “all” and “full-text only” seem to be minimal. As with all Wanfang databases, once on the Wanfang home page, you can move from database to database via tabs. The “xue shu lun wen” tab combines several databases into one mega-search, and you can also combine searches across databases using the advanced search option.

 Wan fang Xue shu qi kan

Wanfang’s Online academic journals or Periodicals database . More than 22 million full-text searchable articles, which are also browsable by topic or journal. Covered years are fewer than the China Academic journals database (most journals do not go back further than 2001), and page numbers are only visible when viewing the article itself, not in the index. Hence, searching CNKI’s China Academic Journals should be your first choice for finding articles; yet, with exclusive online contracts on the rise in China, some journals may be only available in one database and not the other. Again, you can narrow down your results not only by using the topical and chronological facets, but also by typing within the tab-looking grey boxes on top of your results: e.g., by typing 2003 to 2008 in the starting and concluding year boxes. As with all Wanfang databases, once on the Wanfang home page, you can move from database to database via tabs. The “xue shu lun wen” tab combines several databases into one mega-search, and you can also combine searches across databases using the advanced search option.

 Wan fang Xue wei lun wen

Wanfang’s Dissertations and theses database. This database includes more than 2 million dissertations and theses, and hence is much larger than the history and literature (doctoral) dissertations and (master) theses parts of the CNKI equivalent previously available. Note that you can narrow down your results not only by using the topical and chronological facets, but also by typing within the tab-looking grey boxes on top of your results: e.g., by typing 北京大学 in the 学校 box. As with all Wanfang databases, once on the Wanfang home page, you can move from database to database via tabs. The “xue shu lun wen” tab combines several databases into one mega-search, and you can also combine searches across databases using the advanced search option.


The Wise news archive, also called WiseNews, is updated every day with items from over 1,500 content providers, including all 19 Chinese and English newspapers of Hong Kong, and a large number of other top-tier newspapers, magazines, newswires, TV and radio broadcasts of Greater China. The database currently has more than 88 million articles from since 1998, offering unrivalled breadth and depth of Greater China news reports and feature articles.

Included are national PRC titles such as the 21 shiji jingji baodao, Renmin ribao, Jingji ribao etc.; regional and provincial newspapers such as the Nanfang ribao, Yangcheng wanbao, Zhengquan ribao, Shanghai ribao, Wenhuibao, Beijing ribao, Beijing wanbao; Taiwan newspapers such as the Taiwan pingguo ribao, China Post, Ziyou ribao; Macao newspapers such as the Aomen ribao; Hong Kong newspapers such as the Mingbao, South China Morning Post, Standard; and other Asian newspapers such as the Daily Yomiuri, Xingzhou ribao, Bangkok Post, Strait Times and the Times of India. Popular magazines such as Taiwan yizhoukan or Diannao jiating etc. are also included.

There are two interfaces available: WiseSearch and, through a tab within the database, WiseEnterprise. (If necessary, click on “IP Access” to enter.) In WiseSearch you can search by full-text, and limit by region or title. You can also search information by company. In WiseEnterprise you can browse and search by 15 special topic folders, by day, media or region/title. You can easily move between the two functions from the top navigation bars.

The customized folders are: Finance and banking, Economic news, Science and technology, Education, Trade and investment, Public health, International politics, International economy, International relations, Hong Kong news, China economy, China politics, China court cases, Taiwan news, Mainland-Taiwan relations.

Results are full-text; we have not subscribed to the image versions of newspapers.

Both interfaces can be set to English or Traditional Chinese. The latter will give more easily identifiable results regarding the source.

A Chinese-language Powerpoint guide (with a slightly different interface) is available at http://eastasianlib.princeton.edu/Wisenews.ppt.

Xin Zhongguo Guji Zhengli Tushu Zongmulu

This is a catalog of recent editions of classical Chinese texts published since 1949. It is a searchable PDF version of the print edition, available in the stacks at Z1029 .X56 2007. It may be viewed from the main computer cluster in the EAL.

Zhongguo Falü Fagui Dadian

This is a compilation of Chinese laws and regulations from 1949-1997. It may be viewed from the main computer cluster in the EAL.

Dunhuang wen xian ku
Zhongguo fang zhi ku
Zhongguo ji ben gu ji ku
Zhongguo su wen ku

These are four databases available to Princeton users from the Chinese company Erudition (Airusheng); note that the other databases listed on the home page, hatched out, are not available currently. To arrive at the home page, please click the arrow after “authorized IP” on the log-in page. Once on the specific database's home page, click on jinru (enter).

We have only one concurrent user for each database, and often demand is high; please logout of the database when finished, in order to open that slot for the next person as soon as possible.

The Dunhuang wen xian ku (Chinese Dunhuang manuscripts), when finished, will give access to 30,000 titles and documents. Currently, some 3000 texts are available, both in searchable and original format. The database is unique in how it also makes available interlinear notes, corrections, overlapping and upside-down characters etc., as well as images. A list of texts available in the first release is available.

The Zhongguo fang zhi ku (Database of Chinese Local Records), when finished, will include more than 10,000 premodern local gazetteers in the broad sense of the word, thus not only gazetteers of jurisdictions, but also gazetteers of temples, mountains etc. There are many ways of searching this full-text database, including by region, title or period, but at the same time, the form of the original, including maps or tables, is preserved, and shown side-by side. Downloading and printing is possible; individual note-taking in this version is disabled.

As of 2015, two sets of 2,000 each of the planned 5 parts are available. Users should use the heji 合集, combined version, to search, not the individual parts (which, if chosen, will say "unavailable.")

The Zhongguo ji ben gu ji ku (Database of Chinese Classic Ancient Books) is a database of 10,000-12,500 traditional titles on a wide variety of subjects, and from many different periods of time. It is full text searchable, while, less conveniently but sometimes usefully, images of the texts can be flipped through as well. Many ways of searching and the setting of limits are provided. It has become the database of choice in the PRC; but note that there certainly are mistakes in the way characters have been converted: it may be necessary to read the image-based texts. A complete list of the contents is available.

The Zhongguo su wen ku(Database of Chinese popular literature), when finished, will include more than 10,000 pieces of various kinds of literature, such as bianwen, baojuan, shanshu, huaben, zhanghui xiaoshuo, zaju, chuanqi, zhugongdiao, guci etc., all in full-text format next to the original page (which may be, e.g., manuscript scraps from Dunhuang). You can search the various genres separately.

Zhongguo li dai dian ji zong mu

The Zhongguo lidai dianji zongmu (Historical Book Catalogue of China) is a knowledge database of over 2 million Chinese classical works developed by the National Library of China and Peking University.  For library holdings as such it may be better to use the Zhongguo guji shumu ziliaoku at Taibei; Princeton’s holdings e.g. are available in the latter, not in this database. The database uses traditional characters.

In addition to browsing the contents, the database is unique in allowing for the analysis of relationships between people and chronological analysis of publication patterns. A short guide in English, and a fuller guide in Chinese are available. Princeton has 1 concurrent user.

Zhongguo lidai shike shiliao huibian

A Chinese database for epigraphical material is installed on 3 public machines in the East Asian Library catalog room. On those public machines, click on Start, select All programs, and select the icon for 中国历代石刻. On the logon screen, both ID and password are "guest". Note that the database does not accept a blank password as do most databases on those machines .

Zhongguo wenwubao

Zhongguo Wenwubao (Chinese Cultural Relics News) is a journal of Chinese archaeology and museology. We have access to an online archive that covers 2007-2009, and includes diagrams and photographs. To access it, follow the link above (to "China Digital Library"), then click "数字报纸". Please see our user guide for details. Additionally, we hold an electronic archive of this journal from 1985-2004, which may be viewed from the main computer cluster in the EAL.

Zhongguo yanjiu wangluo ziyuan daohang

An easy-to-navigate, well-organized site which bring together a large number of databases in Chinese studies available on the Internet (in many different countries). Most are free; some need individual registration; some need individual registration and small payments. The site is created by a Chinese vendor, Zhenben, which sells books to libraries.

Zhongwen baike dacidian

The (Taiwanese) Chinese illustrated encyclopedic dictionary - the Zhong wen bai ke da ci dian - has tens of thousands of entries, including thousands of color pictures and diagrams.

Zhongwen guji shumu ziliaoku

This online union catalog Zhongwen guji shumu ziliaoku is maintained by the National Central Library in Taiwan. It includes not only rare books but also books published in traditional formats (mostly stitch-bound) until 1911 and sometimes beyond, held at key institutions in Taiwan, the PRC, and the United States . Holding information of libraries in China is incomplete with the exception of the National Library of China (formerly the National Beijing Library). At present the catalog as a whole contains hundreds of thousands of records. One can use the “General” search mode from any computer; results give only brief bibliographical details, and do not include the holdings of the National Library of China. For most extensive results, use the “Advance” search mode; this function is only available from public computers located in the East Asian Library. Search results provide full bibliographical details, and holdings from the National Library of China are included.

One may occasionally have to set the pages manually to the Traditional Chinese encoding system (via View>Encoding>).

Zhongyang Ribao (Central Daily News) 1928-1949

A database with pdf's of single pages of the 1928-1949 issues of the Zhongyang Ribao (Central Daily News), Taiwan. You can search by heading keywords or dates.

Japanese Databases

Ahen Shiryō Shūsei

A collection of early 20th-centry articles written in Japanese about the Opium War of 1840-1842. This collection may be viewed from the main computer cluster in the EAL. A print version of this collection is also availble from the Japanese bibliographer.

Bungei Kurabu

This literary magazine was first published in 1895, later integrating with several other journals and run until 1933. Bungei Kurabu contains many literary works by Izumi Kyoka, Ozaki Koyo, Tayama Katai, Yamada Bimyo, Higuchi Ichiyo etc. as well as theaters, rakugo, and kodan. This database covers Meiji-hen from 1895 to 1912.

Chugoku kankei ronsetsu shiryo sakuin

Searchable index to the printed collection, which includes reduced copies of articles on China in less common Japanese academic journals. This collection may be viewed from the main computer cluster in the EAL.

CiNii Articles

Japanese scholarly journal index. It includes National Diet Library Zasshi Kiji Sakuin (journal article index), thesis, research bulletins, and academic societies’ papers. A large number of full texts are available mostly in science, technology, and medicine.

CiNii Books

Bibliographic database of books and journals held in Japanese academic and research libraries. It provides information not only on current publications but also on rare books, foreign books, CDs, and DVDs.

Fuzoku Gaho

This graphic magazine of Japanese manners and customs was originally published from 1889 to 1916. Fuzoku gaho contains illustrations, photographs, and cartoons that describe Japanese cultural life during the Meiji and Taisho periods. The database covers the complete issues of Fuzoku gaho including special issues.

Japanese literature in translation

This is a database for finding translations from Japanese into many languages.

JapanKnowledge Lib

JapanKnowledge Lib is a collection of Japanese reference resources that includes encyclopedias, language and biographical dictionaries, geographic dictionaries, who's who databases, and others.  The major encyclopedias and dictionaries are Kodansha Encyclopedia Japan, Nihon daihyakka zenshoNihon kokugo daijiten,  Jitsu, Kokushi daijiten, and Nihon rekishi chimei taikei.  JapanKnowledge Lib also provides digital book collections; Toyo bunko, Shinpen Nihon koten bungaku zenshu, and Kojiruien, and major journal collections such as Fuzoku gaho, Taiyo, Bungei Kurabu, and Koyukai zasshi

Japan Statistical Yearbook

The Japan Statistical Yearbook is the summary of current statistical information of Japan with comprehensive fields. This site links to Historical Statistics Japan as well.  The interface is in English and some contents are bilingual.


See under JapanKnowledge Lib.

Keijō Nippō/ Kyŏngsŏng Ilbo (Kyungsung Ilbo)

This is a scanned version of the Keijō Nippō (Kyŏngsŏng Ilbo, also spelled Kungsung Ilbo), a Japanese language newspaper published in Korea during the Occupation Period. Current content is from 1907 to 1935. Access is by date only; results are in pdf format.

Kikuzō II bijuaru for libraries

A searchable newspaper database for the Asahi shinbun. It covers texts (in image format) from the Asahi Shinbun from 1879 to 1989, texts (in text format) from 1984 until present, and texts and images from November 2005. The 1879-1989 articles are searchable by headings and assigned topics only, the articles from 1984 are fully searchable. The weekly journal Aera and the news column of Shūkan Asahi are included, as is the latest edition of Chiezō, the annual dictionary of new words. To log-in, click on "スタート画面へ (SSL)". At this moment, access is for one concurrent user only; please make sure to log out when you are done.

Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan

The English-language Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan is based on Japan: An Illustrated Encyclopedia (1993), and contains almost all 11,000 main-text entries of that book, many updated. It has numerous hyperlinks, but does not contain any illustrations, nor the bibliographies of the earlier 9-volume Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan, published in 1983. It therefore does not completely supersede either of these works. Moreover, access is through JapanKnowledge Lib, and hence, the interface is in Japanese, making it less useful for users who do not know Japanese.

Koyukai zasshi

Koyukai zasshi is a campus journal which was published in the Daiichi Koto Gakko from 1890 to 1944. The total number of contributors is 2,200 which includes politicians, philosophers, and writers who played important roles later.

Kuzushiji Kaidoku Yōrei Jiten

This is a dictionary of various cursive forms of Japanese characters. The user can enter characters directly from the keyboard, or draw them using the mouse. This program may be used from the main computer cluster in the catalog room of the EAL.

Law and the Internet

A collection of links to Internet resources on Japanese law. This database may be accessed from the main computer cluster in the catalog room of the EAL.


This is the major collection of Japanese databases. MagazinePlus currently indexes several million articles from thousands of journal titles in the humanities, social sciences and sciences. It is updated weekly. It consolidates five separate databases (the Zasshi Kiji Sakuin (an index to academic journas), the Jānaru Indekkusu (an index to general journals), Joint (an index to periodicals on economics), KSK (an index to 60 foreign journals on industries), and the Gakkai Nenpō and Gakujutsu Ronbunshū (an index to yearbooks of academic societies).

Maisaku (Mainichi Shinbun Online Database)

The Mainichi Shinbun is one of the 3 major Japanese newspapers and Japan's oldest daily newspaper. This database provides the following: Mainichi Shinbun (1872-); Weekly Economist (1989-; images in reduced size edition are available from 1989-1999); and The Mainichi (English) (2008-; interface is only in Japanese). One can also browse today’s news and breaking news.

Nihon Chōki Tōkei Sōran

Electronic edition of the "Historial Statistics of Japan", which is also availble in print form in the Reference Room at HC462.7.N475 2006q. The electronic version has a browsable interface and includes Excel spreadsheets of all of the statistics. This program may be used from the main computer cluster in the catalog room of the EAL.

Nihon Kokugo Daijiten

See under JapanKnowledge Lib.

Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei

See under JapanKnowledge Lib.


This is a pay-per-use online business information database, with newspaper and some journal articles, as well as pertinent information on companies, businessmen, and statistics, etc. Contact the Japanese Bibliographer at the East Asian Library.

Shinpen Kokka taikan

CD-ROM version of the Shinpen Kokka taikan. The Kokka taikan is a collection of Japanese traditional poetry from anthologies and narratives such as the Man’yoshu, Chokusen wakashu, Genji monogatari and Heike monogatari. The Kokka taikan includes 450,000 poems which are searchable by keywords and phrases, and by the unique number assigned to each poem. Access is only on one computer in the East Asian Library Catalog Room.

Statistics Japan

Governmental statistical bureau of Japan. Available in English and (fuller) Japanese.


This is one of the largest journals originally published by Hakubunkan from the Meiji to Showa periods (1895 to 1928). Taiyo covers comprehensive fields including history, art, science, literature, literary criticism, politics, economics, etc. with approximately 6,500 contributors.

Wakokubon kanseki sōgō dētabēsu

A database of information provided in jobatsu (prefaces and endnotes) and kanki (colophons) in the microfilmed collection of Chinese classical literature published in Japan and held in the Kokubungaku kenkyū shiryōkan.

Web Oya-bunko

This database indexes hundreds of popular journals in Japanese not covered by MagazinePlus, consisting of millions of entries.

Yomidasu rekishikan (Yomiuri Shinbun)

The online version of the Yomiuri Shinbun contains searchable newspaper articles from 1874 through 1989 in image format, and from 1986 in full text. Also included is a Who's who of 26,000 people and the English-language Daily Yomiuri since 1989. When arriving at the home screen, please click the button " ログインページはこちら ". Adobe Flash Player 9 is needed for usage.

Zasshi kiji sakuin shusei dētabēsu

Index to periodical articles published in Japanese, including those in former Japanese colonies. Coverage is from 1868 to the present.

Zenkoku kanseki dētabēsu

Index to the union list of Chinese books held in Japan.


Korean Databases

Internet Explorer is recommended for Korean databases and a viewer may have to be installed for certain databases.

Chosŏn Ilbo / 조선일보 (朝鮮日報)

The Chosŏn Ilbo Archive is a full-text online newspaper starting from 1920 and includes over 2.6 million articles in Korean. An average of 6,000 pages are added each year. Licensed to Princeton University.

Chosŏn Wangjo Sillok / 조선왕조실록 (朝鮮王朝實錄 = Annals of the Chosŏn dynasty)

Chosŏn Wangjo Sillok database is made freely available to the public by the Kuksa Pyŏnch'an Wiwŏnhoe. You can find both the original character texts as well as the hangul equivalents.


DBPia is a full-text database of over one million articles from 1,000+ journals and periodicals published by academic and research institutes in South Korea. The database covers subjects such as business/economics, theology, education, sociology, theology, natural science, human science, linguistics, law/administration, etc. Licensed to Princeton University.

Encyclopedia of North Korea / 디지털 북한백과사전 (Tijit'ŏl Pukhan Paekkwa Sajŏn)

Encyclopedia of North Korea provides a database on North Korea searchable by subject categories or keywords. Licensed to Princeton University.

History Culture Series / 진인진 역사문화시리즈

History Culture Series is a multimedia contents database dedicated to Korean history and culture. The database covers subjects such as archeology, Korean history, and art history in 17 titles. Licensed to Princeton University.


Kdatabase provides a full-text database of official documents and archives for modern and contemporary Korean history covering 1940 to the present. The DB also includes Tijit'ŏl Pukhan Inmyŏng Sajŏn (=Digital North Korean Biographical Dictionary) and Tijit'ŏl Pukhan Paekkwa Sajŏn (= Encyclopedia of North Korea). Licensed to Princeton University.

Keijō Nippō/ Kyŏngsŏng Ilbo (京城日報 = Kyungsung Ilbo)

See the entry under Japanese databases.

KINDS (Korean Integrated Newspaper Database System) / 기사통합검색 KINDS

KINDS is a one-stop search portal for newspaper articles published in South Korea. It provides article search for over 50 dailies in Korean from Seoul and other regions, and 2 English dailies. It also services images of old Korean newspapers dating from 1883 to 1963. Click here for the complete list of the covered newspapers

KISS (Korean Studies Information Service System) / 한국학술정보 학술 데이터베이스

KISS provides a database that has over one million full-text articles from 1,000+ journals and periodicals published by academic and research institutes in South Korea. The database covers subjects such as languages, history, philosophy, literature, education, sociology, business/economics, law, science, mathematics, agriculture, engineering, medical science, arts, physical education, etc. Licensed to Princeton University.


KoreaA2Z is a database of 110 academic contents in general reference, journalism, history, geography, law, religion, philosophy, traditional culture, natural science, and oriental medicine. Licensed to Princeton University. Internet Explorer Required.

Korean History & Culture Research Database / 한국 역사·문화 조사자료 데이터베이스

Korean History & Culture Research Database is a database of excavation reports and provides a full-text articles in history, archeology, anthropology, literature, and folklore in 3,000 volumes from 76 orgarnizations. Licensed to Princeton University.

Korean History On-Line / 한국 역사 종합정보 시스템 (Han'guk Yŏksa Chonghap Chŏngbo Sisŭt'em)

Korean History On-Line provides a database of Korean history resources, freely available to the public by Han'guk Yŏksa Chonghap Chŏngbo Sentŏ. As of Feb. 2008, nineteen organizations are participating in the system in order to build the centralized historical database.

KPjournal / 북한학 전자도서관 (Pukhanhak chŏnja tosŏgwan)

KPjournal provides a full-text database of 18 academic journals for science in North Korea. Licensed to Princeton University.

KRpia / 한국의 지식콘텐츠 KRpia

KRpia provides 133 titles of reference contents in architecture, history, literature, folklore, art and culture, religion, classics, oriental medicine, etc. Licensed to Princeton University.

KSI e-book / 한국학술정보 전자책

KSI e-book provides 4,500 full-text e-books in humanities, social sciences, natural and medical science, arts and physical education, etc. Licensed to Princeton University. Internet Explorer Required.

Kyobo Scholar / 교보스콜라

Kyobo Scholar provides a database of 800+ journals and periodicals published by academic and research institutes in South Korea. The database covers subjects such as humanities, social studies, business/economics, engineering, medical science, etc. Licensed to Princeton University.

LawnB / 로앤비

LawnB is a legal information service that provides a collection of South Korean legal materials on-line including law information, judicial precedent, administration data, laywer and law firm information, etc. Licensed to Princeton University.

Naver News Library / 네이버 뉴스 라이브러리

Naver News Library is a digital news archive service open to the public. The database Includes four newspapers: Kyŏnghyang Sinmun (京鄕新聞), Tonga Ilbo (東亞日報), Maeil Kyŏngje (每日經濟), Han'gyŏre Sinmun (한겨레신문). Full-text search by date, keyword, etc. is available and texts are provided in images and electronic texts

NDSL (National Digital Science Links) / 과학기술정보 통합서비스 / Kwahak Kisul Chŏngbo T'onghap Sŏbisŭ

NDSL (National Digital Science Links) provides a database of science and technology resources, freely available to the public by KISTI (Korea Institute of Science Technology Information). As of Mar. 2009, approximately 43 million academic articles are available for full-text access in four languages: 42 million in English, 514,000 in Chinese, 90,000 in Japanese, and 263,000 in Korean.

Northeast Asian History Network / 동북아 역사넷 (Tongbuga Yŏksa Net)

Tongbuga Yŏksa Net provides academic publications on Northeast Asia published by Northeast Asian History Foundation. The database includes access to electronic journals including Journal of Northeast Asian History in English and other journals in Korean published by the Foundation.

RISS International

RISS International is an integrated database search of full-text journal databases (include KISS and DBPia) and provide links to those databases. It also services theses & dissertations held in more than 150 universities in South Korea, and over 7 million bibliographic records. Licensed to Princeton University.

Yŏnhaengnok ch’onggan chŭngbop’an / 연행록총간 증보판 (燕行錄叢刊 增補版)

Yŏnhaengnok ch’onggan chŭngbop’an is a compilation of travelogues written by Korean envoys who traveled to China between 13th and 19th centuries. The database services original text images browsable by century, king, and author. Indexes and contents are in Hanmun (Classical Chinese). Click here for the list of included titles. Licensed to Princeton University.

Additional Databases

Most of these are accessible through clicking on "Articles & Databases" on the main Princeton University Library web page. Listings here include mainly those paid for by Princeton University, and accessible to Princeton users only. Other free sites are listed in the section "East Asian Studies". The Social Science Reference Center is for instance a necessary stop if you would need up-to-date economic or social data, also on East Asia.

Many databases require commands specific to the database searched, especially those on CD-ROMs. Look carefully at the screen, and realize that databases can differ in such ways as to whether a search for two words is treated as one phrase search or a combination of two keyword searches, and in many other ways. In many databases you can send the results in ProCite, EndNote, or text format to your own e-mail account.

Lexis-Nexis (Academic)

Includes English-language newspapers, magazines, news agencies and other databases including some from East Asia (such as the Xinhua General News Service , China Daily , and the South China Morning Post). It is therefore very useful to search for recent people or events often unavailable in printed reference works (e.g., a recent death date). More detailed instructions are available at the Social Science Reference and General/Humanities desks in Firestone Library, and from the Library Web Computer. Note that increasingly CJK newspapers are directly available on the Internet; to read them, see the section on using CJK.

Periodicals Index Online

Dates of Coverage: 1770-1995.
This database indexes periodicals in the humanities and social sciences in English, French, German and other Western languages. The long period covered makes this a unique database useful for early Sinology and Japanology. There is a subject Area Studies-Asia.

Chinese/ Japanese Studies

When choosing "Databases" from the main library web page, you can select "Chinese Studies" or "Japanese Studies". In addition to "core" and "important resources", these lists also list "related resources" which have East Asian content.

Other useful databases are available from the general list of databases, or from their relevant subject pages, such as

Reference Tools

Finally, there are also on-line general reference tools available such as the Encyclopaedia Britannica, the Oxford English Dictionary, Global Books in Print and Books Out of Print. Some Princeton library departments have also provided Web Subject Guides which may be helpful to you.

Other WWW pages

Using CJK on Library Computers

This is explained in the "Using CJK" section .

Recommended WWW Pages

In this area, the bare minimum of free WWW pages is listed; please refer to the EAS Links section for many more.

This is the CEAL (Council on East Asian Libraries) home page maintained by the joint efforts of many East Asian bibliographers. Some parts are more up-to-date than others. All these pages have many links to other Asian resources.